A comparison of HMGB1 concentrations between cerebrospinal fluid and blood in patients with neurological disease

Authors:

Walker LE, Griffiths MJ, McGill F, Lewthwaite P, Sills GJ, Jorgensen A, Antoine DJ, Solomon T, Marson AG, Pirmohamed M

Abstract:

Aims
To determine whether a correlation exists between paired cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum levels of a novel inflammatory biomarker, high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), in different neurological conditions.

Methods
HMGB1 was measured in the serum and CSF of 46 neurological patients (18 idiopathic intracranial hypertension [IIH], 18 neurological infection/inflammation [NII] and 10 Rasmussen’s encephalitis [RE]).

Results
Mean serum (± SD) HMGB1 levels were 1.43 ± 0.54, 25.28 ± 27.9 and 1.89 ± 1.49 ng/ml for the patients with IIH, NII and RE, respectively. Corresponding mean (± SD) CSF levels were 0.35 ± 0.22, 4.48 ± 6.56 and 2.24 ± 2.35 ng/ml. Both CSF and serum HMGB1 was elevated in NII. Elevated CSF HMGB1 was demonstrated in RE. There was no direct correlation between CSF and serum levels of HMGB1.

Conclusion
Serum HMGB1 cannot be used as a surrogate measure for CSF levels. CSF HMGB1 was elevated in NII and RE, its role as a prognostic/stratification biomarker needs further study.

Journal:

Biomarkers

Year:

2016

Hyperlink:

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2016.1265003

Research Themes:

Clinical Surveillance